Thursday, July 17, 2014

Names 369 to 390

(369) Kshettraswarupaa क्षेत्रस्वरूपा - With a matter as Her body.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 341

While going through this name, one should seriously think how body limits the soul, which is so often led by the requirements of the body. A body has a certain power over the soul.

One of the greatest subjects of thought is how to bring about the best and correct understanding of the relation and rhythm, between the body and the soul.

(370) Kshetreshi क्षेत्रेशी - The ruler of matter. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नामक्रमांक 342

(371) Kshetra-kshetrajna-paalini क्षेत्रक्षेत्रज्ञपालिनी - The protector of matter and of the knower of matter. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 343
Kshetra means the matter or the field and Kshetrajna is the knower thereof, i.e., the soul (jiva). This body is called Kshetra, and on who resides therein is called Kshetrajna.

(372)Kshetrapaal-samarchitaa क्षेत्रपालसमर्चिता -Worshipped by Kshetrapaal, the protector of the universe. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 345
It is explained in Hindu Mythology that Kaali, one of the aspects of Mother as the fighter on battle-field killed a demon, but thereafter the fire of  Her wrath was not appeased. Seeing the consternation of the world, Shiva, in order to appease Her anger, assumed the form of crying infant. She suckled the child who drank up the fire of anger along with the breast milk. This child which is that incarnation of Shiva is called Kshetrapaala. Kshetra is also the place where Mother is worshipped. In places where Mother is worshipped, Mother's invisible devotees remain present. Being so very anxious to maintain the continuance of worship and sacredness of the place, they actually pray to Mother for the continuance of the prayer holding and sacredness of the place and practice.

(373) Pancha-koshaantara-sthitaa पंचकोशांतरस्थिता - Residing in the five sheaths. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 428
Corresponding to our bodies there are five sheaths. These Koshas are called Annamaya, Praanamaya, Manomaya, Vijnaanamaya and Aanandamaya. Each is involved in the preceding one. Of this five, the innermost last is the Aanandamaya and with that, Mother is identified. She is the witness and controller of these sheaths.

(374 - 375 - 376 - 377 ) Praanadaa प्राणदा, Praaneshvari प्राणेश्वरी, Praanadaatri प्राणदात्री, Praanarupini प्राणरूपिणी -ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 783, 831, 832, 784
Praana means senses as also the five vital breaths. Mother is the Giver of life, which enables the body to perform its functions. Vivifier of the universe, the Supporter of the breath in therefore of life and Nourisher of senses. Mother is Breath of breaths.

(378) Murtaa मूर्ता - Shapely. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 813

(379) Amurtaa अमूर्ता - Shapeless.  ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 814
Murtaa is earth, water and fire. Amurtaa means air and ether. The former is so called because it has form, whereas the latter has no form.
Further Murta means the five gross elements mingled with each other; Amurta means the subtle elements which are not mingled with each other.
Again Murta means Universe and Amurta means Brahman. Also, they mean perishable and imperishable respectively.

(380) Avyakta अव्यक्ता - Unimanifest. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 398
Avyakta is the collective form of the three qualities of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas.

(381) Vyaktaavyaktarupini व्यक्ताव्यक्तरूपिणी - In the form of manifested and unmanifested or individual or collective existence. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 399

Vyakta, is naturally subject to modifications unlike Avyakta. 
Vyakta is perishable. Avyakta is imperishable. Taking Vyktaa to mean the first manifestation, it is Supreme Egoism.
Vyakta, Avyakta and Vyaktaavyakta are three conceptions of Mother for each of the three processes, viz., those of worship, devotion and meditation and they are generally based on the above meanings. If you worship Mother in the universe around, which is Vyakta form, you get happiness. On the other hand, if you worship Mother as the eternal Finalmost Mother, which is the Avyakta form, you get salvation.  If you worship Mother both ways. i.e., at times with form and with attributes and at times without form and without attributes, you get both, i.e. happiness and salvation.

She is manifested ( Vyakta ) to and in those devotees, whose deeds have been ripened and is not manifested (Avyakta), to and in those who have remained themselves bound by the noose of Maayaa and She is Vyaktaavyakta to and in them who have known the whole science of evolution and their own situation and desired the attainment of the finalmost stage, but have not attained it

On the same lines, Vyakta meditation is the meditation of one's worshippable in the limited and experienced form. Avyakta meditation is focusing on the conception of the universal form and Vyaktaavyakta meditation is the happy combination of concentration on the form delimited to be fully within practicability, but vested with limitlessness and infinity. Krishna as Yashodaa's son is Vyakta, Krishna as Vaasudeva is Avyakta and Krishna as Raadhaa's Beloved is Vyaktaavyakta.

(382) Bahurupaa बहुरूपा  - Of manifold form. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 824 

(383) Vividhaakaaraa विविधाकारा - Of varied multifold forms. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 401

She is formless because She is Supreme, whereas She is many-formed because of Her activity. Though She is of the nature of Para Brahma, ( Finalmost mother ), She is also the agent of all action and activity ( Active Mother ).

The difference between the above two names, is that one refers to innumerable varieties of the same kind, and other to the innumerable kinds, even contradictory and yet there is no incongruency as stated in the next name.

(384) Nirdvaitaa निर्द्वैता - Without duality. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 667

(385) Dvaitvarjitaa द्वैतवर्जिता - Transcending duality. ललिता सहस्रना स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 668

None of the opposite pairs are permanently true, not are they, during the period of their existence, able to exert any permanent influence. Nor can She be permanently conceived as in two parts. She is goodness, Benevolence, Love and Mercy alone. She is all the best and best alone in spite of all seeming evil, because She alone is both opposite parts, both being of Her making and ever creatable and destructible by Her, at Her sweet will and pleasure.

(386) Naamarupavivarjitaa नामरूपविवर्जिता - Transcending name and form. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 300
There are five qualities of the universe, which appear inextricably intertwined in the knot of spirit and matter. These as analysed by great men, are known as 'existence, knowledge, bliss, name and form.'
Everything  Asti (exists), Bhaati (shines, lives), Priya (creates and need joy), Naam (has a name) and Rupa (has a form).

(387) Desha-kaala-pari-chchhinnaa देशकालपरिच्छिन्ना  Unlimited by space and time. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 701

Limited by space, means the absolute non-existence of a thing in a certain place (as when we say,"This is not here"). Limited by time, is similarly explained when we say, "This was not before" or "It will not exist in future." She is also unlimited by the laws of causation. This means that She can manifest Herself or shower Her Grace, in any place and any time. Devotees or preachers or Truth-seers can flourish in any country. There in any case , in any religious world, and in any century. There is no monopoly for the Maiist. Her Grace and manifestation is even above the Law of cause and effect. This means that there is no stereotyped mechanical routine, through which every soul has to pass, in the very same manner and through the very same experiences.

(388) Saakshivarjitaa साक्षीविवर्जिता - Herself unwitnessed. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 385

She is not seen by anyone while She sees everyone and everything. There is no witness to the One who is the witness of all things. Says one devotee," There is a mountain behind a straw and none sees the mountain ".

(389) Kritajnaa कृतज्ञा - Witness and judge of actions. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 374

"Under Her supreme command the Sun, the  Moon, the God of death, Time and the five elements watch and witness every good and bad actions, thought and desire of all beings".
Kritajnaa may also be taken to mean knower i.e., the Rewarder
of every smallest good thought, feeling and action.

(390)  Chidekarasarupini  चिदेकरसरूपिणी - The one ocean of all intelligence brought to a homogeneity.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 364

The idea is this. Consider a lake in which all people put in good and bad things. The lake as a whole, malarious or of decease-removing property, is equally effective to all. Any man who  does a good action or thinks a good thought adds to the permanent lake, and She is the master of all the workings in this lake, and of the universal homogeneous influence of this lake.

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