Friday, August 15, 2014

Names 481 to 500

Under this group, the names dealt with, are with reference to the worship of Mother through Saptashati, popularly known as Chandi paatha.
Some of the names, akin to the names in Saptashati and Dash Mahaa Vidyaa to be read in the Lalitaa Sahasranaam are as follows :

(481) Maataa माता - Mother ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 457
Mother of all souls, of all mantras and all letters.

(482) Ambaa अम्बा - Mother. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 985

(483) Maayaa माया - Illusion-creator. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 716
The energy which obscures what is plain. She causes marvellous actions, producing unheard-of results, like dreams, miracles or juggleries. At one moment the universe looks flooded, at another, it appears desert-like dry. Once the moon is bright Full Moon, next to the same moon is a dark New Moon. The destroyer becomes in its turn again the destroyed. This is the Maayaa of the universe. Maayaa of humanity is previously explained. Mother is Mahaa Maayaa, i.e., juggler even to Maayaa, in the matter of Her devotees. This has been explained. Maayaa tries to delude the devotees, but Mother deludes Maayaa, making Her think, that She would be successful, but, in the end giving Maayaa a humiliating defeat.

(484) Mahaakaali महाकाली - ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 751 
Mahaa means "great" and Kaala means "Time-Destroyer" or "Fate". She is called so because She is greater than even Time-Destroyer, and Fate.

(485) Mahaagraasaa महाग्रासा - The great devourer.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 752

(486) Mahaashanaa महाशना - The greatest eater, absorbing both the animate and inanimate universes within Her. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 753

(487) Umaa उमा - ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 633
According to Hindu Mythology; Shiva's wife Paarvati is called Umaa because when Umaa's mother heard of Her determination to undertake most severe penance, refusing to take not only any food but even a fruit or a leaf, to get Shiva as Her husband, Her mother was shocked and shouted out, " Oh! do not."  U " " means Oh, and Maa " मा " means don't.

Mother residing as fame and brightness in all creations and energy of desire and essence of all mantras is Umaa the end and essence of Aum. Aum by a slight transposition, of letters , becomes U.M.AA. Umaa is the supreme experience, which destroys the noose of earthly experience, and is the best purifier, producing bright mental states and manifestations in so many beneficial forms. Umaa is the Ichchhaa-Shakti इच्छाशक्ती, the Energy of desire. Umaa is golden coloured and through meditation of Umaa, the devotee, as it were, receives golden currents from Her, which transforms the iron within him and turns him most precious, most dear and most unchangeable, and makes him proof to all atmospheres and degenerating forces.

There is a great psychological importance in the fact that She is desire. It is the desire which brings many things into being, maintains many things in position and finally brings salvation.

 The psychological emotions, which are most important in the matter of hastening evolution are desire, fear, hatred, relationship, love and devotion. All of these automatically bring about meditation and unification.
Through the emotion of desire, Mother is attained as a result of various experiences, leading one to conclude that the only thing worthy of being desired, is Mother. Through the emotion of fear, the devotee attains Mother by acting most obediently up to the requirements of scriptures, as a result of the conviction that every waywardness he indulges in is seen by Mother and he shall have to answer for all such indulgences. Through the emotions of hatred, the demons gained salvation much quicker than the lukewarm devas, the so-called devotees. But best of all, through the emotion of relationship, Mother is attained by establishing the relationship of yourself with Mother as Her child, however wicked, (please read theory and principles). Love and devotion are great sublimating forces, for the attainment of Mother.

(488) Shailendratanayaa शैलेन्द्रतनया Daughter of the mountain Himalaya.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 634

(489) Gauri गौरी - Having the colour of conch, jasmine and moon.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 635

(490 ) Paarvati पार्वती - The Mountain daughter. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र नाम क्रमांक 246

 Mother is at times extremely hard-hearted and in that sense, She is the daughter of a mountain- a rock, a stone. Paarvati is an ideal of chastity, and She is extremely severe to those devotees of Her, who are loose in their sexual behaviour and character, though of course, She is severe, with a view to give a tremendous moral lift.

No person should, therefore, be a special devotee of Mother in the Paarvati form, unless he is extremely staunch and firm and perfectly pure in morality. There are instances of devotees having turned lunatic, who had no control over their morals and worshipped Mother as Paarvati.

The same idea of exemplary chastity and austere celibacy is seen in Parvati's first son Kaartikeya. If any lady worships or enters a Kaartikeya temple, it is believed that she would shortly be a widow.

 Parvati is known for Her unbounded anger in cases of breach of chastity, so much so, that she has not desisted from kicking Her own husband Shiva, at the slightest suspicion of a breach of chastity.(Please vide Shloka 86 of Saundarya Lahari).

(491) Sati सती - ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम  क्रमांक 820 

This is the name of Paarvati and means chaste and faithful spouse. Even in imagination, a true wife should not think of any other person as her husband or lover. When Rama was roaming like a madman after the loss of his beloved wife Seetaa,  Paarvati suspected if Rama, who appeared to be so much entangled in the love of his wife could be the incarnation of one of the three deities. So, She with a view to test him, took the form of Seetaa and approached Raamaa; but Raamaa at once bowed down to Her and said, ' Oh Mother wherefrom you here? Is my Lord Shiva happy?"
Parvati was stunned on being detected, and She had just the reactionary idea. "Even for the sake of testing Rama, I acted and personified as his wife. I am no longer, therefore, fit as a chaste spouse to Lord Shiva."
Extremely repentant and unable to bear the idea of her moral degradation form the idealistic plane, she left her body. In the Kshatriya dynasty, period-faithful queens died after their husbands in war, and they were called Satis. 
Sati means the energy which enables chaste wives to make highest sacrifices for their husband.

(492) Ganaambaa गणाम्बा - Mother worshipped by Ganesh, who is an emblem of determination and discrimination.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 719

(493) Kumaargananaathaambaa कुमारगणनाथाम्बा - ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 442 
 Mother worshipped by Kumaar the deity of war(Mars) and Gananaath, the deity of success. Kumaar psychologically means celibacy. The mother that is attainable by supremacy over discrimination and determination, and with the perennial reservoir of the most carefully preserved sexual energy. The highest and most efficient energy is the sexual energy, which can be utilized to do the most wonderful work. It is therefore why I have often most emphatically stated "Very little practical work can be done by institutes of selfish, self-contained, unenergetic, motionless, ever anxious, pulled out and child-producing people, of wise talk, no leisure, no work and no usefulness. ( Page 38, Theory and Principles of Mother's Lodge.)
Any institution that wants to do solid work shall be required to have quite an appreciable number of unmarried workers, of both sexes. The fright of unmarried life and the social, wicked and suspicious mentality about the unmarried life shall have to be wiped away, as soon as any such institute gains strength.

There can be nothing more foolish than to presume that it is impossible for a man or a woman, to remain chaste in the unmarried stage. There is nothing more suicidal than succumbing to a lifelong bondage of married life , for one who has the aspirations and capacities of higher life , of Service, Love and Devotion, simply because there is the fear or even the extremely remote possibility of a once-in-life failure in some accursed weak moment, or because there is no provision of  maintenance made by society, or parents or relations  or religious institutes.
When married life becomes selfish to the core , when none is free to consider, watch and serve the general weal and welfare, and when each married couple lives simply for adding to the poverty of the already half-famished populace of a country, unmarried life shall be welcomed as a boon to the individuals, who are out for Mother's work and society.
There are dangers, no doubt, of unmarried life as well, but no doubt, unmarried life is a boon to them that are really great and have a higher ambition and goal than that of sense-living and who almost dedicate their life to doing service to humanity. The Founder's first question to every youngster (thousands of whom have approached him) is, " Are you married? "
Mostly married people seek protection for being saved themselves, with absolutely no possibility of being useful to save others. 
In the opinion of the Founder, the salvation of India does not lie in political game-playing or warfare, but in the building of character, for one and all of the nation, through the religious revival in new form with the Mai-istic Life Maxims of "Love All, Serve All, Devote yourself to Mother (or Father) with unconditional cheerful self-surrender," sharpening the thirst for higher happiness which once tasted kicks out material happiness, through celibates of both sexes in thousands with their life dedicated to Mother of Humanity, their wide-spread religious education, under the guidance and the supervision of the world-renounced high souls (not diplomatic agitators) and through ample provisions by Religious Institutes for helping the poor and destitute, and through affording protection to the needy, etc. 
Those that have been suckled by Mother with Her breasts of nectar ever remain to be children, and as innocent of sexual pleasure as children. As an instance of this, Kumaar or Kaartikeya, who remained celibate, may be quoted. 

(494) Guhajanamabhooh गुहजन्मभूः - Mother of Kaartikeya, who is also called Guha. The word can also be taken to mean "Mother of Jivas ", as Guha means what is covered and refers to the soul, as it is covered by Avidyaa (ignorance).ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमामक 606

(495) Daakshaayani दाक्षायणी - Daughter of Daksha. We take it, also, to mean extremely clever in saving Her devotees. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 598

(496) Dakshayajnavinaashinsi दक्षयज्ञविनाशिनी -    ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 600 The breaker of the sacrifice of Her own father, Daksha. Daksha means clever and may also be taken to mean, proud of one's capacity position and powers. If you have every good achievement, but pride has not left you, all your best work of sacrifice gets over-toppled. Mythologically Daksha insulted his daughter Sati, by not inviting Her husband Shiva. She threw Herself in the sacrifice-altar and Shiva on hearing this, broke the sacrifice and the universe trembled, thinking of its fate, as a result of the wrathfulness of Shiva.ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 600

(497)  Kaalahantri कालह्न्त्री - Destroyer of "Time-Destroyer" ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 557

(498) Katyaayani कात्यायनी - The energy, which enables the sages to perform the hardest penance and energy of supernatural powers and lustre which is attained on penance. This name means the collective form of the lustre of all the deities. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 556

The energy and lustre of all  penance-performers in renounced life, - and the energy and lustre of sufferers, on account of sacrifice goodness and virtue, in the life of worldliness. 

(499) Sarvaanullanghya-shaasanaa सर्वानुलंघ्यशासना -   ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 995
She,  whose commands are to be obeyed by one and all. Under Mother's orders, indicated by the movement of Her creeper-like eyebrows, Brahma creates, Vishnu protects and Shiva destroys, the universe and universes.

(500) Bhairavi भैरवी - She that gives the energy of doing one's best. ललिता सहस्रनाम स्तोत्र, नाम क्रमांक 276
Bhairava means "exertion" indicated in the "Success or death while exerting, with determination, not to accept any intermediate stage." Bhairava Japa means the repetition of the Bhairavi Mantra, with a determined vow of sacrificing one's life, if success does not crown the penance.

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